In a letter to the House of Representatives, State Secretary Vivianne Heijnen informed about the setting up of the Shared Mobility Collaboration Programme. The Shared Mobility Collaboration Program is a collaboration between local and regional authorities and the national government. The brief outlines the first lines of the cooperation programme.
The program offers good opportunities for accessibility and climate challenges, supports the spatial challenge (shared mobility hubs, housing challenge, space in the city) and ensures more uniform market conditions (harmonisation, standardisation) with a coherent approach and direction for shared mobility. The advice on a cooperation program is the result of discussions held by quartermaster Maarten van Biezen. He has had these discussions with municipalities and regions, among others, and is in line with the advice of the former chairman of the Green Deal Car Sharing II (Betty de Boer).
Shared mobility is relevant to the government because it contributes to various social goals, such as the housing task in urban areas, which is better facilitated by lower construction costs, improved accessibility and less space taken up by cars. Another goal is the reduction of emissions (such as CO2 and nitrogen) from car mobility and the acceleration of zero-emission mobility. This is because shared cars are more often electric than privately owned cars and because users of shared cars drive fewer kilometers in cars compared to owners of a private car. It enhances the quality of public transport because the first/last mile can be covered with partial mobility.
Shared mobility, also known as partial transport, is a collective term for all means of transport that can be used by multiple users, where the user is also the driver, but does not own it. Examples are shared bicycles, scooters and cars. The main difference with "traditional" rental vehicles is that with shared vehicles, use is accessible 24 hours a day (often via an app) without the intervention of a person. Shared mobility can play a role as pre- and post-transport in public transport. Shared mobility in this definition explicitly does not mean carpooling or taxi services, since the user is not the driver. Shared mobility providers are often commercial parties.